Ocean Temperatures Have Reached a Record-Breaking High

A ship sailing in the Indian ocean towards Colombo main harbor

That level of warming, the paper found, is equal to 228,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 (228 Sextillion) Joules of heat.

Scientists believe it decimated marine life ranging from plankton to whales and killed 100 million cod.

Ocean temperatures have risen to the highest level in history.

[THREAD, 1/9] Ocean heat content (0-2000m) data from IAP and NOAA/NCEI was just released, NO surprise, 2019 was the warmest year on record for global ocean. The rate from 1987 to 2019 is four and a half times faster than that from 1955 to 1986.

And they found the rate of heating is accelerating - saying the findings are a clear measure of how global warming is speeding up because "more than 90 per cent" of heat ends up in the oceans.

Using data from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) in China and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the USA, the study's authors found 2019 ocean temperatures were around 0.075 degrees Celsius (0.135 degrees Fahrenheit) higher than the yearly average between 1981 and 2010.

It's important to pay attention to ocean temperatures, scientists say, because that's where most of the heat on the planet is stored, and the changes in temperature are undeniable evidence of climate change.

"The overall ocean warming means the natural variability creates hot spots and marine heat waves", said Cheng. The Hiroshima atom-bomb exploded with an energy of about 63,000,000,000,000 Joules.

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"The increasing heat increases evaporation, and the extra moisture in the warmer atmosphere nourishes heavy rains and promotes flooding, leading to a more extreme hydrological cycle and more extreme weather (in particular hurricanes and typhoons)".

That is a tough quantity to contextualize, so one of many scientists behind the examine did the maths to place it into an explosive body of reference - by evaluating it to the quantity of power launched by the atomic bomb, the United States navy dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945.

Even if this seems a tiny number, it's actually enormous, according to the study's lead author, Lijing Cheng. "This manifestation of global warming has major consequences".

The new method enabled them to take advantage of the limited temperature observations from the pre-Argo period and to extrapolate them to a broader understanding of past sea temperatures. According to Moody's Analytics, an economic research organization, the storm caused 53 deaths and between $38 and $50 billion in economic damage.

"We realized that 2019 was no longer only the warmest one year on file, it displayed the excellent single-one year elevate of your total decade, a sobering reminder that human-precipitated heating of our planet continues unabated", talked about Prof Michael Mann, at Penn Order College, US, and each other physique of workers member.

"The price we pay is the reduction of ocean-dissolved oxygen, the harmed marine lives, strengthening storms and reduced fisheries and ocean-related economies", Cheng said.

'Reduce, reuse and recycle and transferring to a clean energy society are still the major way forward'.

The average temperature for the upper 2000 meters of the oceans increased by 0.12 degrees Celsius from 1960 to 2019, according to the study. They plan to study how water temperatures affect the water's buoyancy, which directly affects the distribution of nutrients and heat.

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