Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases Reach Epidemic levels in California

Treponema pallidum the bacterium which causes syphilis

"Yet not that way back, social disease rates were at historic lows, syphilis was near to elimination, and that we were ready to objective to advances in STD bar", Dr. Gail Bolan, director of the CDC's Division of STD bar, wrote within the new report's introduction.

The Department of Health says that early detection and treatment can interrupt the steady climb of STD rates, and they add that they are working with local public health agencies, community partners and medical care providers to enhance their capacity to diagnose, treat and prevent STDs in order to reduce the spread of these infections.

Among these, chlamydia is the most commonly reported; with rates being highest in 20 to 24-year-old women. That's the most reported since 1991. Texas, Nevada, Louisiana and Arizona were the only states that had congenital syphilis rates higher than California's.

The CDC reported newborn deaths from syphilis increased 22 percent, from 77 death in 2017 to 94 deaths in 2018.

Babies who contract syphilis from their mothers are at an incredible risk.

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San Joaquin County health officials replanted the department and appealed for grants to increase the number of investigators available as congenital syphilis spiked, said Hemal Parikh, county coordinator for STD control. "Testing is simple and can help women to protect their babies from syphilis - a preventable disease that can have irreversible consequences".

Antibiotics can cure syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, but the diseases must be caught early and not left untreated.

There were more than 115,000 syphilis cases nationally. Scientists worry antibiotic resistance may be a factor. Over the years, gonorrhea has become resistant to almost every class of antibiotics used against it. Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) now stands as the only antibiotic to retain high effectiveness against gonorrhea in the United States, the CDC says.

Needs for increased funding for sexually transmitted disease prevention efforts through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for investments in improved surveillance and for attention to ensure essential public health services are accessible, are clearly spelled out in the report.

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